The popular perception of African wilderness as untouched beauty has been challenged over the years. Research within political ecology has revealed much of that view has been the result of Western ideology of nature imposed on the South and perpetuated by conservation policies (Neumann 1997; Robbins 2004b).
Wildlife-based tourism revenue is the broad term used to describe income generated from both photographic and hunting tourism. All these are the forms of tourism that take place in different areas such as village land, general land, open land, Game Controlled Areas, Game Reserves and Protected Areas. Photographic tourism takes place mostly in National Parks and Game Reserves. In recent years, especially in northern tourist-circuit, many tour operators have set up operations in villages bordering National parks, Game Reserves or protected areas. Tanzania offers a unique product to the world’s growing tourism sector.
This potential has led to a situation where control over natural resources and ownership of land remain the most prominent socioeconomic and political issue in rural areas throughout the nation. If properly managed, revenue from the tourism sector could do much to improve livelihoods in rural areas where most
tourism attractions are found.
This Resource Management Zone Plan has three substantive chapters preceded by a foreword and a summary of MBOMIPA objectives. Summarized MBOMIPA objectives are;
Wildlife management in Tanzania is currently undergoing a process of recentralization. While the Wildlife Policy of 1998 opened up for community participation and local benefits, the Wildlife Policy of 2007 and the Wildlife Conservation Act of 2009 re-focus on central government control of income from both sport hunting and safari tourism.