The area is part of the Selous-Niassa Wildlife Corridor. It is rich in miombo woodlands and abundant wildlife reserve.
The Selous - Niassa Miombo woodland ecosystem as a whole is the largest trans-boundary natural dry forest ecosystem in Africa covering 150,000 km2 and extends across southern Tanzania into neighbouring Mozambique.
The wide variety of wildlife habitats - forests, wooded grasslands, open savannahs, granite inselbergs, seasonal and permanent wetlands and rivers - account for globally significant biodiversity. The core conservation areas for its continued existence are:
- the Selous Game Reserve (47.000 km2) of Tanzania, UNESCO World Heritage-Site
- the Niassa Game Reserve (42.400 km2) of Mozambique
The Selous – Niassa Wildlife Corridor provides a significant biological link between the two reserves and consequently for the Miombo woodland eco-system, thus conserving one of the largest elephant ranges in the world containing also approximately 13% of the world’s remaining wild dog population.
In total the corridor has a size of approximately 17.030 km2. Starting at the most southern border of Selous Game Reserve the corridor extends over 160 km south until reaching Ruvuma River, the border of the Niassa Reserve in Mozambique, where it has a width of 176 km following the river’s course. Long-term conservation management of the Selous and two communal Associations Mbarang’andu and Nalika adjacent to the Selous resulted into larger concentrations of wildlife in the northern part of the corridor. According to aerial surveys undertaken every three years the wildlife populations are relatively stable. In the southern part the wildlife populations are recovering since the communities are actively involved in their management. However, wildlife is still timid and it will need a few more years of protection to reach sizable populations in the south. The main species are: Elephant, Buffalo, Eland, Sable Antelope, Hippo, Lichtenstein Hartebeest, Common Waterbuck, Bushbuck, Common Duiker, Southern Reedbuck, Wildebeest, Zebra, Impala, Klipspringer, Warthog, Bush pig. Leopards are common in the entire corridor whereas lions are more numerous in the northern part. In the south and in particular in Tunduru District man-eating lions are recorded for decades. Spotted Hyena, Jackal, Civet Cat and others carnivore species are also common. Several packs of Wild Dogs are observed in all parts of the corridor.
Member Villages: 5
Population : 22,185
Major Ethnic Groups: Wayao, Wangoni
Nearest Protected Areas: Selous Game Reserve
Natural Resources: Significant.